内页banner
Photoelectric separation
  • Research and Application of Pegmatite Quartz Research and Application of Pegmatite Quartz Jul 09, 2024
    Overview Pegmatite quartz refers to high-purity quartz formed in pegmatite. Pegmatite is a special granite rock, usually composed of coarse to huge quartz crystals. The quartz in these rocks usually has a larger crystal size and a lower impurity content. Formation process of pegmatite quartz The formation of pegmatite quartz is a complex process inside the earth, involving many geological processes such as magmatic activity, metamorphism, and tectonic movement. Next, we will discuss this process in detail from different angles. Magmatic activity and the formation of pegmatite quartz The formation of pegmatite quartz is closely related to magmatic activity. During the intrusion evolution of magma, due to changes in temperature, pressure and other conditions, hydrothermal fluids rich in SiO2 are differentiated. These hydrothermal fluids penetrate into the surrounding metamorphic rock system along the bedding and cracks, or invade along the contact fracture zone of the previous magmatic rock to form vein quartz ore bodies. Metamorphism and the formation of pegmatite quartz The hydrothermal fluid produced by regional metamorphism or mixed lithification is also an important factor in the formation of pegmatite quartz. Strong magmatic activity and tectonic movement provide heat sources for metamorphism. When water-containing igneous rocks and basement protoliths are metamorphosed, a large amount of water is released to form metamorphic hydrothermal fluids. These ore-bearing solutions migrate along the ductile shear zone under the action of tectonic stress. Due to changes in temperature and pressure conditions, SiO2 is supersaturated and deposited to form vein quartz. Tectonic environment and the formation of pegmatite quartz The formation of pegmatite quartz is closely related to a specific tectonic environment. For example, pegmatite deposits are formed in a stable tectonic environment at the top of granite, formed by the recrystallization of the surrounding granite and the decomposition of the mineral components that make up the granite. Details of the formation of pegmatite quartz The details of the formation of pegmatite quartz can be revealed by studying the fluid inclusions inside it. Fluid inclusion microscopic analysis shows that in the process of wall crystallization, the brine H2O-NaCL-KCL-(CO2,N2) type fluid (about 20wt.% NaCL and about 3wt.% KCL) is saturated, and in the process of magmatic hydrothermal crystallization, multiphase cassiterite mineralization forms large microcline crystals in the wall belt, and is combined with quartz, F-poor black mountain rock, and carbonate- and boron-rich manganese fluoroapatite in the core area. World distribution Pegmatite quartz is a high-quality quartz resource. Due to its special formation environment and purity, it has extremely important applications in industry and high-tech fields. The world-renowned pegmatite quartz resources are mainly distributed in the United States, Brazil, Canada, Australia and China. Among them, the Spruce Pine deposit in the United States is famous for its extremely low quartz impurity element content and excellent quality. It has long provided a large amount of high-purity quartz sand to the world. It is an important raw material for semiconductors, precision optical glass, photovoltaics, lighting and other industries. Spruce Pine Deposit, USA The Spruce Pine Deposit is located in western North Carolina, USA. It has a mining history of more than 100 years and is a globally recognized high-purity quartz sand raw material deposit. Its quartz sand products enjoy a very high reputation in the international market. Pegmatite Quartz Resources in Brazil Brazil is the world's largest country with high-purity quartz resources. Its ore type is mainly natural crystal, but due to mining facilities and ore quality, the actual mining and export volume is relatively small. Pegmatite Quartz Resources in Canada Canada's pegmatite quartz resources rank third in the world. The ore type is mainly vein quartz. The quality of its high-purity quartz resources is also very high, suitable as a raw material for high-purity quartz sand. Pegmatite Quartz Resources in China China's pegmatite quartz resources are mainly distributed in Henan, Xinjiang, Hubei, Jiangsu and other places. In recent years, mineral resources that can be used to extract ultra-high purity quartz sand have been discovered in the East Qinling-Dabie Orogenic Belt in Henan, showing huge prospecting potential. Pegmatite quartz resources in Australia Australia has abundant quartz resources, mainly distributed in northern Queensland, Victoria and Western Australia. The pegmatite quartz resources in these areas also provide the possibility for the production of high-purity quartz sand. Application fields of pegmatite quartz Pegmatite quartz has a wide range of applications in many fields due to its high purity and stability. The following are some of the main application areas:   Semiconductor industry: High-purity quartz is a key material for manufacturing semiconductor chips. It is used to make containers such as crucibles to ensure the purity of the chip manufacturing process. Fiber optic communication: Fiber optic is the infrastructure of modern communications, and high-purity quartz plays an important role in it because it can transmit high-speed optical signals without loss. Photovoltaic industry: In the manufacture of solar panels, high-purity quartz is used to make high-quality quartz glass, which is crucial to improving the efficiency of photoelectric conversion. Optical field: High-purity quartz is also used in precision optical devices. For example, in lenses and optical fibers, high-purity quartz is needed to ensure that the propagation of light is not disturbed. Electric light sources: In light bulbs and other electric light sources, high-purity quartz is used to make materials that are resistant to high temperatures and have good light transmittance. Building materials: Due to its strength and durability, pegmatite quartz is also used in building materials, such as in the production of and floor tiles. Jewelry industry: In some specific cases, pegmatite quartz may also be used in the jewelry industry, especially those quartz crystals with special optical effects. Purification technology of pegmatite quartz Pegmatite quartz usually has the characteristics of few impurities, stable quality, and low fluid inclusion content, so it has become an important raw material for the preparation of high-purity quartz sand. In recent years, with the rapid development of science and technology, especially in the fields of semiconductors, optical fiber communications, photovoltaics, etc., the demand for high-purity quartz sand has increased day by day. Therefore, the research and application of pegmatite quartz resources have received widespread attention. In recent years, with the advancement of science and technology, the sorting technology of pegmatite quartz has made significant progress, especially in the purification of high-purity quartz sand. Sorting equipment and technological progress The sorting equipment of pegmatite quartz mainly includes crushers, mills, screening machines, flotation machines, magnetic separators, etc. These equipment use different physical and chemical methods, such as mechanical crushing, grinding, gravity separation, flotation and magnetic separation, to separate quartz from other impurities. Crushing and grinding: Crushing equipment is used to crush raw quartz ore into small particles suitable for further processing. Commonly used crushing equipment includes jaw crushers, cone crushers and hammer crushers. Grinding is to further grind the ore through the grinding machine to achieve the ideal particle size distribution, in preparation for subsequent classification and flotation. Screening: Screening equipment such as spiral classifiers are used for particle classification and desludging processes. The particle size separation is achieved through the difference in the settling speed of particles of different sizes in the liquid. 8 Flotation: Flotation machines play a key role in the flotation process. By forming a large number of bubbles and using reagents to make the target minerals attached to the bubbles, it can be separated from other substances. 8 Magnetic separation: Magnetic separation equipment is used to remove iron-containing impurities from quartz sand. Commonly used magnetic separation equipment includes dry magnetic separators and wet magnetic separators. Photoelectric separation: Photoelectric separation is a method of identifying and separating the ore to be separated and the gangue by using the physical characteristics of the ore to be separated and the gangue. It uses a combination of mechanical and electrical separation to imitate the action of hand selection. The artificial intelligence sorting machine pioneered by Hefei Mingde Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. is the first to introduce advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence and big data in the field of photoelectric mineral processing. It has obvious effects on the sorting of pegmatite quartz, with high sorting accuracy and large output. Latest research results The latest research results show that through the combined application of these equipment and technologies, high-purity quartz concentrate products can be obtained on a laboratory scale. For example, Zhengzhou Comprehensive Utilization Institute has successfully developed an original technology for processing and purifying high-purity quartz, and conducted laboratory sorting and purification experiments on granite pegmatite high-purity quartz ore, producing high-purity quartz concentrate products with SiO2 purity as high as 5N2 (99.9992%). Conclusiona In summary, pegmatite quartz is an extremely important mineral resource, and its application in high-tech industries is indispensable. With the advancement of technology and the increasing demand for high-purity materials, the mining and utilization of pegmatite quartz will become more extensive, and it will also have a profound impact on the development of related industr Overview Pegmatite quartz refers to high-purity quartz formed in pegmatite. Pegmatite is a special granite rock, usually composed of coarse to huge quartz crystals. The quartz in these rocks usually has a larger crystal size and a lower impurity content. Formation process of pegmatite quartz The formation of pegmatite quartz is a complex process inside the earth, involving many geological processes such as magmatic activity, metamorphism, and tectonic movement. Next, we will discuss this process in detail from different angles. Magmatic activity and the formation of pegmatite quartz The formation of pegmatite quartz is closely related to magmatic activity. During the intrusion evolution of magma, due to changes in temperature, pressure and other conditions, hydrothermal fluids rich in SiO2 are differentiated. These hydrothermal fluids penetrate into the surrounding metamorphic rock system along the bedding and cracks, or invade along the contact fracture zone of the previous magmatic rock to form vein quartz ore bodies. Metamorphism and the formation of pegmatite quartz The hydrothermal fluid produced by regional metamorphism or mixed lithification is also an important factor in the formation of pegmatite quartz. Strong magmatic activity and tectonic movement provide heat sources for metamorphism. When water-containing igneous rocks and basement protoliths are metamorphosed, a large amount of water is released to form metamorphic hydrothermal fluids. These ore-bearing solutions migrate along the ductile shear zone under the action of tectonic stress. Due to changes in temperature and pressure conditions, SiO2 is supersaturated and deposited to form vein quartz. Tectonic environment and the formation of pegmatite quartz The formation of pegmatite quartz is closely related to a specific tectonic environment. For example, pegmatite deposits are formed in a stable tectonic environment at the top of granite, formed by the recrystallization of the surrounding granite and the decomposition of the mineral components that make up the granite. Details of the formation of pegmatite quartz The details of the formation of pegmatite quartz can be revealed by studying the fluid inclusions inside it. Fluid inclusion microscopic analysis shows that in the process of wall crystallization, the brine H2O-NaCL-KCL-(CO2,N2) type fluid (about 20wt.% NaCL and about 3wt.% KCL) is saturated, and in the process of magmatic hydrothermal crystallization, multiphase cassiterite mineralization forms large microcline crystals in the wall belt, and is combined with quartz, F-poor black mountain rock, and carbonate- and boron-rich manganese fluoroapatite in the core area. World distribution Pegmatite quartz is a high-quality quartz resource. Due to its special formation environment and purity, it has extremely important applications in industry and high-tech fields. The world-renowned pegmatite quartz resources are mainly distributed in the United States, Brazil, Canada, Australia and China. Among them, the Spruce Pine deposit in the United States is famous for its extremely low quartz impurity element content and excellent quality. It has long provided a large amount of high-purity quartz sand to the world. It is an important raw material for semiconductors, precision optical glass, photovoltaics, lighting and other industries. Spruce Pine Deposit, USA The Spruce Pine Deposit is located in western North Carolina, USA. It has a mining history of more than 100 years and is a globally recognized high-purity quartz sand raw material deposit. Its quartz sand products enjoy a very high reputation in the international market. Pegmatite Quartz Resources in Brazil Brazil is the world's largest country with high-purity quartz resources. Its ore type is mainly natural crystal, but due to mining facilities and ore quality, the actual mining and export volume is relatively small. Pegmatite Quartz Resources in Canada Canada's pegmatite quartz resources rank third in the world. The ore type is mainly vein quartz. The quality of its high-purity quartz resources is also very high, suitable as a raw material for high-purity quartz sand. Pegmatite Quartz Resources in China China's pegmatite quartz resources are mainly distributed in Henan, Xinjiang, Hubei, Jiangsu and other places. In recent years, mineral resources that can be used to extract ultra-high purity quartz sand have been discovered in the East Qinling-Dabie Orogenic Belt in Henan, showing huge prospecting potential. Pegmatite quartz resources in Australia Australia has abundant quartz resources, mainly distributed in northern Queensland, Victoria and Western Australia. The pegmatite quartz resources in these areas also provide the possibility for the production of high-purity quartz sand. Application fields of pegmatite quartz Pegmatite quartz has a wide range of applications in many fields due to its high purity and stability. The following are some of the main application areas: Semiconductor industry: High-purity quartz is a key material for manufacturing semiconductor chips. It is used to make containers such as crucibles to ensure the purity of the chip manufacturing process. Fiber optic communication: Fiber optic is the infrastructure of modern communications, and high-purity quartz plays an important role in it because it can transmit high-speed optical signals without loss. Photovoltaic industry: In the manufacture of solar panels, high-purity quartz is used to make high-quality quartz glass, which is crucial to improving the efficiency of photoelectric conversion. Optical field: High-purity quartz is also used in precision optical devices. For example, in lenses and optical fibers, high-purity quartz is needed to ensure that the propagation of light is not disturbed. Electric light sources: In light bulbs and other electric light sources, high-purity quartz is used to make materials that are resistant to high temperatures and have good light transmittance. Building materials: Due to its strength and durability, pegmatite quartz is also used in building materials, such as in the production of and floor tiles. Jewelry industry: In some specific cases, pegmatite quartz may also be used in the jewelry industry, especially those quartz crystals with special optical effects. Purification technology of pegmatite quartz Pegmatite quartz usually has the characteristics of few impurities, stable quality, and low fluid inclusion content, so it has become an important raw material for the preparation of high-purity quartz sand. In recent years, with the rapid development of science and technology, especially in the fields of semiconductors, optical fiber communications, photovoltaics, etc., the demand for high-purity quartz sand has increased day by day. Therefore, the research and application of pegmatite quartz resources have received widespread attention. In recent years, with the advancement of science and technology, the sorting technology of pegmatite quartz has made significant progress, especially in the purification of high-purity quartz sand. Sorting equipment and technological progress The sorting equipment of pegmatite quartz mainly includes crushers, mills, screening machines, flotation machines, magnetic separators, etc. These equipment use different physical and chemical methods, such as mechanical crushing, grinding, gravity separation, flotation and magnetic separation, to separate quartz from other impurities. Crushing and grinding: Crushing equipment is used to crush raw quartz ore into small particles suitable for further processing. Commonly used crushing equipment includes jaw crushers, cone crushers and hammer crushers. Grinding is to further grind the ore through the grinding machine to achieve the ideal particle size distribution, in preparation for subsequent classification and flotation. Screening: Screening equipment such as spiral classifiers are used for particle classification and desludging processes. The particle size separation is achieved through the difference in the settling speed of particles of different sizes in the liquid. 8 Flotation: Flotation machines play a key role in the flotation process. By forming a large number of bubbles and using reagents to make the target minerals attached to the bubbles, it can be separated from other substances. 8 Magnetic separation: Magnetic separation equipment is used to remove iron-containing impurities from quartz sand. Commonly used magnetic separation equipment includes dry magnetic separators and wet magnetic separators. Photoelectric separation: Photoelectric separation is a method of identifying and separating the ore to be separated and the gangue by using the physical characteristics of the ore to be separated and the gangue. It uses a combination of mechanical and electrical separation to imitate the action of hand selection. The artificial intelligence sorting machine pioneered by Hefei Mingde Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd. is the first to introduce advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence and big data in the field of photoelectric mineral processing. It has obvious effects on the sorting of pegmatite quartz, with high sorting accuracy and large output. Latest research results The latest research results show that through the combined application of these equipment and technologies, high-purity quartz concentrate products can be obtained on a laboratory scale. For example, Zhengzhou Comprehensive Utilization Institute has successfully developed an original technology for processing and purifying high-purity quartz, and conducted laboratory sorting and purification experiments on granite pegmatite high-purity quartz ore, producing high-purity quartz concentrate products with SiO2 purity as high as 5N2 (99.9992%). Conclusiona In summary, pegmatite quartz is an extremely important mineral resource, and its application in high-tech industries is indispensable. With the advancement of technology and the increasing demand for high-purity materials, the mining and utilization of pegmatite quartz will become more extensive, and it will also have a profound impact on the development of related industries.  

leave a message

leave a message
If you are interested in our products and want to know more details,please leave a message here,we will reply you as soon as we can.
Submit

home

products

whatsApp

contact